L9 Personality

L9 Personality - Chapter 9 Overview Personality Lectures I....

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 9 Overview Personality Lectures I. Define personality- Scientific study of stable characteristics that differentiate people II. Psychoanalytic model of Personality III. Behavioral Model of Personality IV. Humanistic Models of Personality V. Biological Approach to personality VI. The Measurement of Personality I. Define personality: A. Trait/State distinction Personality Social Psychology Trait State Internal External Stable Unstable Typical Situational B. Early attempts: 1. Astrology-belief that stars dictate our personalities 2. Phrenology -different regions of the head determine personality 3. Somatotypes ( Ectomorph [thin], Mesomorph [muscular], Endomorph)-believed body types determined personality-score from each type 4. Palm reading-palm can tell fortune & personality 5. Graphology-personality by handwriting II. Psychoanalytical Approach A. Freud (Brief History)-born Vienna, neurologist-talking about problems can help physical complaints 1. The structure of Personality-like an iceberg, only small portion of our personality is above the surface a.) ID (Pleasure Principle) [primitive]-completely unconscious (impulses)-part that youre born with, motivated and guided by pleasure principle [babies seek pleasure and avoid pain] b.) Ego (Reality Principle) [more realistic]-predominantly conscious-realize there are consequences to behavior-guided by rewards/punishments [consequences] mediator between ID & superego c.) Superego (Morality Principle)-partly conscious/unconscious (inhibitions)-whats right & wrong-some morality has to be taught -conscience/ego-ideal-the 3 function together at the same time to guide behavior 2. The (Ego) Defense Mechanisms- Repression-pushing uncomfortable memories into unconscious awareness...
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L9 Personality - Chapter 9 Overview Personality Lectures I....

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