L6 Learning - Chapter6,Learning

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Chapter 6, Learning - relatively permanent change in potential behavior that  results from experience I. Six Different kinds of Learning   II. More on Classical Conditioning    - Pavlov III. More on Operant Conditioning   - E. L. Thorndike   - B. F. Skinner   IV. More on Observational Learning     - Albert Bandura     *cognitive theorists-  what is learned in Pavlovian and  operant behavior is guided by  expectations *biological basis-  synaptic facilitation & long-term 
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potentiation [snails]
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I. Different kinds of Learning 1. Habituation/Sensitization -learning requires us to be habituated/ sensitized - habituation - a stimulus occurs, nothing of consequence  happens, the animal will  stop responding to the stimulus [change in stimulus that matters, no changes we habituate] -When a novel stimulus occurs, animal will react more  strongly next time  - phobia - sensitization to a stimulus  2. Classical  Conditioning =  Pavlovian  Conditioning =  Associative  Learning -people thought this was how all learning occurs -an association forms between  two stimuli - 3.  Operant  Conditioning=  Instrumental  Conditioning =  Skinnerian  Conditioning -requires rewards/punishments -animal must engage in some operation to get the reward,  behavior determines the outcome [is instrumental]
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4.  Observational  Learning =  Social  Learning         =  Imitative  Learning =  Modeling -people and animals can learn by observation 5.  Insight  Learning (Kohler’s apes) -learning through  thinking -Gestalt psychologist  -applies knowledge from  previous experience  to solve  problems -sudden recognition of relationships that leads to the  solution of a complex problem 6.  Taste  (Flavor) Aversion - one-trial  learning  -if you eat something that makes you sick, never want to  eat it again -not just taste, but taste & smell combined [flavor] -safety mechanism
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II. More on  Classical  Conditioning A. Ivan Pavlov -natural reflex before training- UCS 
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2011 for the course PSY 110 taught by Professor Winters during the Fall '08 term at University of Miami.

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L6 Learning - Chapter6,Learning

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