L11 Development

L11 Development - Development Life-span I. History and...

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Unformatted text preview: Development Life-span I. History and Background of Developmental Psychology II. Issues in Development III. Prenatal development IV. Social Attachment V. Freuds 5 stages of Psychosexual Development VI. Piagets 4 stages of Cognitive Development VII. Eriksons 8 stages of Psychosocial Development VIII. Lawrence Kohlbergs 3 levels of Moral Development** IX. Kubler-Ross five stages of Death and Dying X. Miscellaneous topics Philosophical background: 1. Middle ages Original Sin goal of childrearing was salvation.-time when we teach children to be civilized-spare the rod, spoil the child creates angry, resentful children 2. Renaissance (14th to 17th cen) In the17th cen. John Locke spoke of Tabula Rasa or Blank Tablet .-Rousseau- children are born as a blank slate, you can raise children any way you want, shape the adult In the 18th cen. Jean Jacques Rousseau spoke of Innate Goodness or the Noble Savage-children are born naturally good [individual]-let child unfold/develop naturally-someone raised in a savage environment, but was not spoiled by other things, primitive people who are noble [culture groups] 3. More recently, in 1920s-Scientists began carefully observing children.-John Watsons demonstration with Little Albert in 1920-In 1960s U.S. govt put money into programs like Head start and Developmental Psychology took off. [women started working] II. Issues in Development A. The Nature/Nurture Issue: Nature Nurture Biology Learning Genetics Environment B. Continuity/Discontinuity (Linear and Non-linear)-continuous linear growth pattern [a, b, c] or can b go after c-difficult to fix developmental problems in therapy-[tree vs butterfly] C. Cross-sectional/Longitudinal research methods. -cross-sectional: at one time, get a cross-sample of the population and researched them, snapshot [ex: IQ and age]-doesnt account for different set of conditions: -is it due to developmental differences or changes in the environment?...
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L11 Development - Development Life-span I. History and...

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