Women in Global Politics notes 4

Women in Global Politics notes 4 - READING LOLITA IN TEHRAN...

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October 11, 2010 READING LOLITA IN TEHRAN Fiction as an act of Subversion Engaging in Fiction under a totalitarian regime Throughout revolutions fiction has been used to make a political statement against totalitarian regimes Totalitarian regime- single person, Azar Nasifi’s View of Totalitarianism Totalitarianism is an illusory world of false promises and the feeling of loneliness that results when much of what one seeks from life is unattainable Why Nasifi and her colleagues read fiction: Fiction offers its audience freedoms that reality denies; it is a means to fill the empty voids of life Fiction creates bonds of shared intimacy among readers Although not reality, it is the epiphany of the truth The Outside World vs “The Living Room” No character, no personality vs. Smiling and laughter, as well as color Picture: “Women must decide their fat, not the state” state determines choices women can and cannot make Applying fiction as a subversive act Evidence of totalitarianism in China: 1980s, 1990s- aftermath of the cultural revolution - Emphasis on the collective duty over individual Tianamen square massacre Characteristics of Zhang Yi Mou and “Fifth Generation” Filmmakers They exhibit the rich cultural heritage of China while exposing the oppressive entrenched patterns of the history and society of Chinese life Judou (movie) They engage in political and ideological discourse Why the “subversive female”? “Women are the embodiment of the processes of cultural oppression, exchange, and commodification and the bodies have been the bearers of suffering and cruelty in a dehumanizing society.” –Hui Suet Hong Paternalism-Communism: women in private sphere only, and then give up private rights for overall, communal good. Judou woman sold to man who owns dye-ing mill and does not have a heir - Political message: JuDou is the product of stifling and degenerating institutions an habits that foster a cycle of individual suppression - Jinshan personifies these institutions and his impotence and his impotence further depicts the old, ineffective, mostly male ruling party
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