Intrapreneurship vs independent entrepreneurship A cross national analysis of individual entrepreneu

Intrapreneurship vs independent entrepreneurship A cross national analysis of individual entrepreneu

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Unformatted text preview: Tjalling C. Koopmans Research Institute Tjalling C. Koopmans Research Institute Utrecht School of Economics Utrecht University Janskerkhof 12 3512 BL Utrecht The Netherlands telephone +31 30 253 9800 fax +31 30 253 7373 website www.koopmansinstitute.uu.nl The Tjalling C. Koopmans Institute is the research institute and research school of Utrecht School of Economics. It was founded in 2003, and named after Professor Tjalling C. Koopmans, Dutch-born Nobel Prize laureate in economics of 1975. In the discussion papers series the Koopmans Institute publishes results of ongoing research for early dissemination of research results, and to enhance discussion with colleagues. Please send any comments and suggestions on the Koopmans institute, or this series to J.M.vanDort@uu.nl ~W tofh r How to reach the authors Please direct all correspondence to the second author. Niels Bosma Faculty of Geosciences Utrecht University Heidelberglaan 2 3584 CS Utrecht E-mail: N.Bosma@geo.uu.nl Global Entrepreneurship Research Association Erik Stam* Utrecht University Utrecht School of Economics Janskerkhof 12 3512 BL Utrecht The Netherlands. E-mail: e.stam@uu.nl WRR (Scientific Council for Government Policy) Sander Wennekers *EIM Business and Policy Research P.O. box 7001 2701 AA Zoetermeer The Netherlands This paper can be downloaded at: http:// www.uu.nl/rebo/economie/discussionpapers Utrecht School of Economics Tjalling C. Koopmans Research Institute Discussion Paper Series 11-04 Intrapreneurship versus independent entrepreneurship: A cross-national analysis of individual entrepreneurial behavior Niels Bosma a Erik Stam b Sander Wennekers c a Faculty of Geosciences Utrecht University b Utrecht School of Economics Utrecht University c EIM Business and Policy Research the Netherlands February 2011 Abstract This paper presents the results of the first international comparative study of intrapreneurship and independent entrepreneurship. The prevalence of intrapreneurship is about twice as high in high income countries as in low income countries. We find that at the individual level, intrapreneurs are much more likely to have the intention to start a new independent business than other employees. However, there is a negative correlation between intrapreneurship and early-stage entrepreneurial activity at the macro level. One explanation for these contrasting outcomes is the diverging micro level effect of education on intrapreneurship (positive effect) and early-stage entrepreneurial activity (negative effect). Keywords : intrapreneurship, comparative entrepreneurship, economic development, industrial organization, multi-level analysis Acknowledgements This paper is part of the Research Program SCALES carried out by EIM and financed by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs. Earlier versions were read at a research seminar at Utrecht University and Imperial College London. The authors wish to thank Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) researchers and their sponsors (...
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2011 for the course PSCHOLOGY 201 taught by Professor Dr.mckenny during the Spring '08 term at Delta State.

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Intrapreneurship vs independent entrepreneurship A cross national analysis of individual entrepreneu

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