Wk 2 State sovereignty 2009

Wk 2 State sovereignty 2009 - State Sovereignty State The...

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Unformatted text preview: State Sovereignty State The nation-state, the state, the nation What is the State? What Emerged in 1648 with the Peace of Emerged Westphalia An organisational unit of governance An based on the notion of ‘state sovereignty’ State Sovereignty defined as: Territorial State Integrity and Political Autonomy State Sovereignty State 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. All states are equally legal Each state has full rights of sovereignty All states respect other states existence (reciprocity) Territorial integrity and political independence inviolable (non-intervention) Each state has right to do as wish inside its own borders All states obliged to carry out international obligations (maintain int order) Nation-State, State, Nation Nation 1648 established the nation-state 1648 system in Europe (Westphalian model) (Internal) Sovereignty challenged by French (Internal) Revolution 1789 Notion of popular sovereignty (people) Notion versus dynastic sovereignty (supreme ruler) Delegitimised ‘notion of Empire’ Delegitimised Nation and State Nation Who are the people? (Nation) Who Nation is an Imagined Community Nation Based on language, ethnicity, religion, Based culture, historic ties to land, & shared identity Nation NOT a state Nation Nation-states not homogenous Nation Nation-State and SelfNation determination Assumed all nations have states, but Assumed historically not the case (end of Empire, Colonisation) French Rev upheld notions that French nations have right to selfdetermination Nationalism & self-determination Nationalism Spread of the nation-state system Spread ‘States’ in Western Europe End WWI and WWII collapse of Empires (AustroEnd Hungarian & Ottoman) End WWII claims for national self-determination in End colonies Decolonisation: newly emerging states in Africa, Decolonisation India, Latin America and Asia (1940s-6/70s) New states emerged in 1990s with collapse of the New Soviet Union Many nations still fighting for national selfMany determination All Sovereign States Equal? All Legally yes Legally Politically no Politically Jackson distinguishes between positive Jackson and negative sovereignty Negative sovereignty is de jure (freedom Negative from) Positive sovereignty is de facto (freedom Positive to) International State System International All states Equal – yet different types of sovereignty – and some nations still pushing for sovereignty ...
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