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wk 3 war 1 - Changing Nature of War Changing Terrorism The...

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Unformatted text preview: Changing Nature of War Changing Terrorism The UN Convention Against The Torture & the War on Terror UN defines torture as “any act by which severe UN pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person” US reinterpreted torture as: US “severe pain; specifically pain severe enough to result in organ failure or death” (2002 Bush Admin memo) Allowed for torturous practices in War on Terror Allowed (Rescinded 2004… but still practicing?) Argument to support practices based on “ticking Argument bomb” scenario Terrorism Defined as Terrorism ‘a method of political action that uses violence (or deliberately produces fear) against civilians…to influence behaviour, to inflict punishment or to exact revenge’ (Booth and Dunne, 2002: 8) Not new, enacted by states and nonNot state actors Terrorism weapon of the weak? Terrorism Terrorism chosen because lack mass support; Terrorism or b/c against a superior power Can be successful Can Kydd and Walters (2006) list 5 goals of terrorist Kydd orgs: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Overthrow a government Territorial change Policy change Social control Uphold the status quo War on Terror (2001-) War all-Qaeda terrorist network, radical interpretation a of Koran advocating Jihad (holy war) “Protean” organization able to adopt new missions, tactics & alliances US retaliated from September 11, 2001 attacks US by attacking Afghanistan based on the state harbouring al Qaeda; based no distinction between harbouring & being a no terrorist US and Coalition declared war on Iraq in 2003 in part US for links to al Qaeda Current Security Threats Current NOT New War on Terror changed World Order? ...
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