wk 8 human rights - 1864); Further evolved from UDHR 1948...

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World Politics And Human Rights
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What are Human Rights? ± Defined as: ± Rights which belong to all human beings by nature, and independently of positive law ± Notion of human rights based on modern liberal philosophical tradition
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What are Human (Natural) Rights? ± ‘Nonsense on Stilts’ – Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) 1. Are there natural rights? 2. Which rights are natural? 3. Under what conditions will people recognise or believe in them? 4. Under what conditions will people uphold them?
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Emergence of Human Rights in IR ± French and American Revolutions based on rights of the people ± Post-WWII: UN Charter incl. Human Rights as a principal purpose ± United Nations Declaration of Human Rights (UNDHR), 1948 ± Not legally binding ± 30 articles of soft law
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Int. Human Rights Regime (IHRR) Limited treaties before then (eg Geneva Convention,
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Unformatted text preview: 1864); Further evolved from UDHR 1948 Generations of Rights Human Rights are divided into 3 generations 1. Civil and Political Rights (liberty) 2. Economic, Social and Cultural (equality) 3. Collective Rights (fraternity) Other rights? (eg Womens rights, indigenous rights) International Bill of Human Rights Comprises: Covenant Civil and Pol Rights (1966/1976) Covenant on Econ, Soc and Cult rights (1966/1976) Human Rights and the UN UN Charter based body: The Human Rights Commission Standard setting 1946-66 Report on HR violations 1967-79 Advisory services 1980- Commission lost credibility UNSG created Human Rights Council 2005 Human Rights Built into Int Law and the UN...
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wk 8 human rights - 1864); Further evolved from UDHR 1948...

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