840_PUB_water_pollution_bibliography

840_PUB_water_pollution_bibliography - Economics of Water...

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Economics of Water Pollution A Brief Bibliographical Survey Prepared by: Anuradha Kafle SANDEE Bibliography No. 9-05
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Table of Content Topics Page 1. Economics of Water Pollution 1 2. Water Pollution and Health 4 3. Ground Water Pollution 8 4. Policy and Management Issues 11 5. General and Websites 14
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Economics of Water Pollution 1. Ahmad, J., B. N. Golder, S. Misra, M. Jakariya et al . (2002), 'Willingness to pay for arsenic free ‘safe’ drinking water in Bangladesh', (Field note / Water and Sanitation Program), New Delhi, India : Water and Sanitation Program - South Asia 16 p. Content : Brief description of a study on willingness to pay for arsenic-free, safe drinking water in rural Bangladesh which investigated the factors that influence demand for arsenic-free, safe drinking water and examined preferences regarding household/community-based arsenic mitigation technologies. The focus of this report is on the design, particularly the methodology used for estimating willingness to pay (WTP).The estimates of WTP obtained are presented. Some key results of the field survey, together with the main findings and policy recommendations, have been published in a separate note entitled, 'Fighting arsenic, listening to rural communities : findings from a study on willingness to pay for arsenic-free, safe drinking water in rural Bangladesh'. Full text available online at: http://www.wsp.org/pdfs/sa_arsenic_method.pdf http://www.wsp.org/pdfs/sa_arsenic_learning.pdf 2. Cao, H. and S. Ikeda (2005), ‘Inter-zonal tradable discharge permit system to control water pollution in Tianjin, China’, Environmental Science and Technology 39(13): 4692-4699. Abstract: In recent years, Chinese environmental authorities have expressed interest in the use of Tradable Discharge Permits (TDP) as a regulatory instrument to control pollutant emissions. Environmental professionals still have not had enough experience however, in designing and managing TDP systems, especially for non-uniformly dispersed pollutants. As an empirical study, this paper proposes an inter-zonal TDP system and analyzes its effectiveness in cost saving and environmental protection for reducing water pollutant COD (Chemical oxygen demand) in Tianjin, China. Zonal permit system (ZPS) and emission permit system (EPS) are discussed for comparison. The inter-zonal TDP System is demonstrated to improve cost efficiency by allowing permit trades between zones, as long as water quality constraints are satisfied. The transactions are assumed to proceed in a multilateral sequential way and are simulated with a circularly running linear programming (LP) model. The simulation of permit transactions among 20 firms shows that to reach the same COD removal target, ZPS, inter-zonal TDP system, and EPS lowered the total reduction cost by 12.8%, 14.6%, and 15.8%, respectively. EPS, however, brought about "hot spots" problem. Finally, the transaction costs and sensitivity of the three TDP systems to changes in both COD reduction rate and the initial permit
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course ECON 1129863 taught by Professor Stewart during the Spring '11 term at ENSEA.

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840_PUB_water_pollution_bibliography - Economics of Water...

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