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ACI_Policies_and_Recommended_Practices_seventh_edition_5 -...

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5 Airport planning, design, operation and safety (cf. ICAO Annex 14 Volume I - Aerodrome Design and Operations, 5 th Edition, 2009, Volume II – Heliports, 3 rd Edition, 2009, Manual on Certification of Aerodromes, Doc. 9774, 1 st Edition, 2001, Safety Management Manual, Doc 9859, 2 nd Edition, 2009 Global Air Traffic Management Operational Concept, Doc 9854) ACI Policy and Recommended Practices Handbook | Seventh Edition | November 2009 Section 5 | Page 1
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5.1 Certification of airports ICAO Annex 14, as from amendment 4, (applicable from November 2001) requires an international airport to be certified for safety purposes. ACI supports the general principles put forward by ICAO, although it believes that standards (basic requirements) should be distinguished from recommended practices and only standards should be part of the certification process. ACI POLICY ACI RECOMMENDED PRACTICE / COMMENT 5.1.1 The Recommended Practices (as distinct from Standards) for airport design in Annex 14 should NOT be made mandatory for certification purposes. In 2001, ICAO introduced new requirements in Annex 14 to ensure universal safety certification of airports. As of 27 November 2003, States are required to certify aerodromes used for international operations, while, for all other aerodromes open to public use, this is a recommendation (Recommended Practice 1.3.2). As of 24 November 2005, all certified aerodrome operators must implement a Safety Management System (SMS) acceptable to their State. These international requirements form the basis for national regulations and their enforcement. ACI supports ICAO’s general principles of safety regulation for airports, and welcomes ICAO’s programme of Safety Audits of States. All States should adopt Regulations for Aerodrome Certification and for Safety Management Systems, based on the ICAO model. ACI believes that ICAO needs to further develop its documents (including the Manual on Certification of Aerodromes), to take account of aerodrome operators’ comments, including the points below. 5.1.1a ICAO Recommended Practices should not be made mandatory by national regulators, when aeronautical studies show that the target level of safety can be achieved by other means (see policy 5.2 on target level of safety), 5.1.1b National regulations for the operational use of safety management systems (see section 5.24), should be based on international “best practice” and experience. 5.1.2 Safety regulations should be clear, practical, efficient and similar worldwide: safety measures related to design and operations should be implemented where they give the highest benefit, and with international consistency. Regulations should not be written in an excessively prescriptive manner, but allow aerodrome operators the flexibility to mitigate risk in different ways. 5.1.2a
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