BA649 Written Assignment#3 WBS

BA649 Written Assignment#3 WBS - Running head: WORK...

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Running head: WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURES 1 Work Breakdown Structures Marsha L. V. Talbert Weaver Grantham University
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SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE 2 ABSTRACT A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is a results-oriented family tree that captures all the work of a project in an organized way. It is often portrayed graphically as a hierarchical tree; however, it can also be a tabular list of "element" categories and tasks or the indented task list that appears in your Gantt chart schedule. A WBS is a key project deliverable that organizes the team’s work into manageable sections. The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) defines the work breakdown structure as a “deliverable oriented hierarchical decomposition of the work to be executed by the project team.” The WBS is a foundation document that visually defines the project in manageable pieces that a project team can understand. Each piece of the project can consist of the project, the project schedule, the project cost, the project resources, and all the project changes. Each level of the WBS provides further definition and detail the project at hand.
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3 Work Breakdown Structures There are many approaches a project manager can use in developing a WBS. The approaches include: Using guidelines approach The analogy approach The top-down approach The bottom-up approach The mind-mapping approach The Using Guideline approach uses a recommended WBS structure or model. Many of these types of WBSs are developed from past projects. Many organizations (i.e., government organizations) provide a guideline and/or template for developing a WBS (Schwalbe). By using the guideline approach promotes structure and uniformity. Having a prescribed WBS has helped outside business entities prepare what is needed in order to secure business/contracts. The Analogy approach involves utilizing another, similar project work breakdown structure as a starting point (Schwalbe). Some organizations have a repository of WBSs and other project documentation on file to assist people working on projects. Some project management software packages include sample files to assist their users in creating a work breakdown structure and Gantt charts. Reviewing examples of other similar projects WBSs will
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course BA 649 taught by Professor Dr.schaefer during the Fall '11 term at Ohio State.

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BA649 Written Assignment#3 WBS - Running head: WORK...

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