Africa I

Africa I - African Musics in Context Chapter 10 Many Aspects of Africa Accounts for more than 20 of the earths land surface of the words population

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Chapter 10 African Musics in Context
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Accounts for more than 20% of the earth’s land surface ¼ of the word’s population resides in Africa itself Millions of people of African descent reside throughout the world in the African D_________ Large population concentrations in the United States, Brazil, the Caribbean (Cuba, Haiti, Jamica, Trinidad, and Tobago), and major European metropolises such as Many Aspects of Africa
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Northern Africa Northern portion of the continent covers the vast Sahara Desert and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea. Islam is the dominant religion of North Africa and Arab culture is pervasive throughout this region
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Africa south of the Sahara also called sub-Saharan Africa Trace the origins of many new types of styles of music: ragtime, blues, jazz, rhythms-and-blues, souls, rock-and- roll, rap, hip-hop, salsa, Cuban son , Puerto Rican bomba, Trinidadian steel band, Jamaican reggae, Brazilian samba, and many, many more. Elements of these and many other musics of the African diaspora have been reabsorbed back into newer styles of music in Africa Influence other international styles “In short, there is a continuous feedback loop between sub-Saharan Africa
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Historically, large portions of the region were ruled by kingdoms 15th century on, Europe/U.S. intervention and domination Slave trade/Colonization Post WWII, continent encompassed post-colonial independent nations Urge of civil rights Stress of national independence Constant struggle of political stability African nationalist movements and responses to modern Music, Culture, and History in sub- Saharan Africa
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Revival, revitalization, and modernization of traditional forms of African music, dance, and ceremonial practice Development of new forms and styles of music aimed at responding to, reflecting, and affecting contemporary situations and circumstances. The new musical forms and styles frequently build from a combination of indigenous African and international elements Play CD EX. #1-47 “Ingculaza (AIDS)” by Zimbabwean musician Dumisana “Ramadu” Moyo Incorporates traditional African instruments and musical African Nationalist Movements
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Islam and Christianity widespread Their practice often represents a syncretism with indigenous forms of African religion Thousands of religious practices in sub-Saharan Africa. Immense diversity Paying homage and due respect is a major priority of religious practice and social life Typically takes the form of communal rituals involving music Requires active participation of all in attendance Religion
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Prominent musical tradition of many African cultures Drumming is not the basis of most music in Africa Fontomfrom (Fon-tom-frahm) –A royal set of drums; Music of the royal Akan drum ensemble Akan one of several West African ethnic groups who reside principally in the nation of Ghana Former British colony, achieved national independence in
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course MUH 2051 taught by Professor Dr. during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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Africa I - African Musics in Context Chapter 10 Many Aspects of Africa Accounts for more than 20 of the earths land surface of the words population

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