Chapter 3 and 4

Chapter 3 and 4 - Chapter3 Howmusicworks,partI:Rhythm...

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Chapter 3 How music works, part I: Rhythm
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How Does Music Work? Why we should know… Understanding how music is organized will allow us to  develop a substantial vocabulary when it comes to  describing, explaining, and writing about the different  musics that we will be experiencing. 
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Basic Properties of Tone All sounds, musical or not (remember HIP) are  defined by four basic properties of tone.  Duration  – How long or short a tone is, musical  correlate being  rhythm Frequency  – How high or low a tone is, musical  correlate being  pitch Amplitude  – How loud or soft tones are, musical  correlate being  dynamics Timbre  – The actual sound quality, musical correlate  tone color ” 
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Basic Properties of Tone Property of Tone Musical Correlate Duration Rhythm Frequency Pitch Amplitude Dynamics Timbre Tone Color, sound quality The Four Basic Properties of Tone
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Rhythm Rhythm  – how the sounds and silences of music  are organized in time. You can also think of  rhythm in terms of “note” and “rest.” Notes  contain musical tones while rests are the pauses  or the silences that are in between. 
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Beat Beat  -  The pulse. What you tap your foot to when  you listen to a song. The Alphabet Song has a  pulse. Try not to confuse beat/pulse with the  rhythm of the song. What we clapped earlier was  the rhythm.  Exercise:  Clap the Beat http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ll-5zwe3c0  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmtzQCSh6xk The beat provides the foundation upon which all other  rhythmic aspects of the music are organized. 
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Subdivision Subdivision  -  Subdivision is the dividing beats  into smaller rhythmic units.  Some musics have: Duple subdivision - that is two evenly spaced notes for  every beat (The Alphabet Song) Triple subdivision, that is three evenly spaced notes for  every beat. (Row, Row, Row Your Boat)
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Meter Beats/rhythms are often organized in a  systematic way. In terms of Western music, there  are groups of beats that define a measure.  The numbers of beats within each measure then  defines the  meter  of the music. 
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Accent and Syncopation Accents
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