India II - Chapter8:PartII MoreaboutRavi (a

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Hindustani Raga and Ravi Shankar Chapter 8: Part II
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More about Ravi He became a “household” name in the West First joined an Indian music and dance  troupe formed by his older brother Uday. The early part of his career was spent  touring Europe as a sitar player and dancer Met raga master Allaudin Khan (also called  Baba which means “father”) He returned to India to study Hindustani raga  with Baba, living with him for 8 years in strict  musical study. Baba became his  guru  or 
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Gharana Gharana - “musical family” in  which gurus pass musical  knowledge on to students Unified by shared style and  approach Hindustani gharana members  trace their musical lineage  through many generations to  Tansen Tansen - legendary musician  considered to be father of 
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Hindustani Trio Sitar   The instrument that Ravi plays Long-necked plucked chordophone Lead solo improvisational instrument 6 or 7 main strings and 13 sympathetic strings to  produce overtones Tambura Another plucked chordophone
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Musical Guided Tour by Ravi  Shankar Play CD EX. #2-11 “An Introduction to Indian  Music” and follow along in your book on  page 128 The soloist does a free improvisation known as  alap . Tintal,  a rhythmic cycles of sixteen beats, or  jhaptal  having ten beats Sam  or “the one” [i.e., beat one of the tala’s 
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Raga Defined Raga’s are precise  melody forms Each raga is a  complete and self- contained melodic  system that serves as  the basis for all the  melodic materials in  any compositions or  performance created  in that raga
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Characteristics of Hindustani  Raga An identifying set of pitches, more or less a  “scale” (based on a sequence of tones  known as Indian music as  that  [pronounced  like “tot”], usually consisting of seven  ascending pitches and seven descending  pitches per octave. A unique repertoire of melodic ornaments  and melodic motives, many of which  incorporated microtonal inflections, that is,  subtle melodic  figures that employ “the 
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Raga Asavari Set of  ascending/descending  pitches Ornaments, melodic  motives, microtones and  rules for using them Has its own pre-composed  compositions Moods: melancholy,  serious
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Remember this… “Performing a raga demands strict 
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