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74 - stressed somewhere other than the syllable where it...

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There are easy-to-understand rules explaining why accent marks are used. To start: There is only  one kind of accent, only one accent (if any) per word, and it can only be placed on a vowel, never a  consonant. Because the main reason for using an accent mark is to stress a syllable that would not naturally be  stressed, you must be prepared to determine which syllable would be stressed naturally. The natural  stress of a word follows two simple rules:  If a word ends in any consonant other than  n  or  s,  the natural stress will be on the last  syllable.  If a word ends in a vowel or the letter  n  or  s,  the natural stress is on the next-to-last syllable.  If the word is supposed to be pronounced with the stress somewhere other than the rules require, a  written accent mark indicates which syllable to stress. The main purpose of writing an accent mark is to indicate that this particular word is supposed to be 
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Unformatted text preview: stressed somewhere other than the syllable where it would be stressed naturally if it followed the rules. This leads to some predictable rules within the rules. For example, there are hundreds of words that are cognates of English words that end in -tion like “nation,” “liberation,” or “condition.” These words end in - ción in Spanish: nación, liberación, and condición . The rule states that a word that ends in an n has the natural stress on the next to the last syllable, but these words are supposed to be stressed on the last syllable as opposed to the stress on the first syllable in English, so an accent mark is written on the last vowel, which is the o ....
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