Chapter 10, Physical Develoment and Cognition

Chapter 10, - CHAPTER10 HumanDevelopment:PartA PHYSICALDEVELOPMENT ATTACHMENT&COGNITION Chapter10Preview StudyingDevelopment AcquiringLanguage

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CHAPTER 10 Human Development: Part A Human Development: Part A PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT,  PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT,  ATTACHMENT & COGNITION
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Chapter 10 Preview Studying Development Physical Development Across the Life Span Cognitive Development Across the Life Span Acquiring Language Social Development Across the Life Span
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Developmental Psychology Interaction between physical and psychological  processes Stages of growth from conception throughout the  entire life span Developmental Psychology
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Figure 10.1: Longitudinal and  Cross-Sectional Research
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Studying Development Normative Investigations Chronological age Developmental age Longitudinal Design Cross-Sectional Design
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6  Development Starts  in the Womb At conception 2 gametes become 1 zygote Developing humans are “embryos” in the first two  months after conception Forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain being to form by  week 4 Cells forming the cortex are visible by week 7 After two months the growing human is called a  “fetus”
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7 Development Starts  in the Womb By the 7 th  month the fetus has a working nervous  system  At birth the brain has cortical layers, neuronal  connectivity, and myelination Hormonal influences in the womb are substantial
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8 Development Starts  in the Womb Teratogens cause abnormal development Thalidomide is one example Alcohol is a teratogen causing fetal alcohol  syndrome
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9 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
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Physical Development Babies Prewired for Survival Robert Fantz Eleanor Gibson Richard Walk
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12 Brain Development  Promotes Learning Newborns prefer sweet tastes Newborns prefer the smell of their mothers’ milk Newborns are startled by and orient toward loud  sounds Visual acuity in newborns is 8-12 inches
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Physical Development Growth and Maturation in Childhood Maturation Age-related physical and behavioral changes characteristic  of a species Continuing influence of heredity throughout development
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course PSYC 1001 taught by Professor Forss during the Fall '10 term at GWU.

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Chapter 10, - CHAPTER10 HumanDevelopment:PartA PHYSICALDEVELOPMENT ATTACHMENT&COGNITION Chapter10Preview StudyingDevelopment AcquiringLanguage

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