psych outline - Module 46 Abnormal behavior is behavior...

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Module 46 Abnormal behavior is behavior that causes people to experience distress and prevents them from functioning in their daily lives Six perspectives o The medical perspective of abnormal behavior suggests that when an individual displays symptoms they should have a physical examination done to reveal things like hormonal imbalance, chemical deficiency, or a brain injury o The psychoanalytic perspective suggests that abnormal behavior stems from childhood conflicts opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression o Behavioral perspective views the behavior itself as the problem o The cognitive perspective suggests that people’s thoughts and beliefs are central to abnormal behavior o The humanistic perspective emphasizes the responsibility people have for their own behavior, even when it is abnormal. o The sociocultural perspective suggests that people are influenced by the kind of family, group, and society that they are brought up in. The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders is a system devised by the American Psychiatric Association to diagnose and classify abnormal behavior 5 axes o Clinical disorders o Personality disorders and mental retardation o General medical conditions o Psychosocial and environmental problems o Global assessment of functioning Module 47 o An anxiety disorder is the occurrence of anxiety without any external cause, affecting daily function. o Phobias are intense, irrational fears of specific objects or situations. o Panic disorders are anxiety disorders that take the form of panic attacks. o Generalized anxiety disorder is when people experience long term, persistent anxiety and worry. o Obsession is a persistent, unwanted thought or idea that keeps recurring o Compulsion is an irresistible urge to repeatedly carry out some act that seems strange and unreasonable Somatoform Disorders o Psychological difficulties that take on physical (somatic) form, but for which there is no medical cause o Hypochondria is a disorder in which people have a constant fear of illness and a preoccupation with their health. o Conversion disorders are a major somatic disorder that involves and actual physical disturbance, such as the inability to use a sensory organ or the complete or partial inability to move an arm or a leg. DIssociatve disorders o Characterized by the separation of different facets of a person’s personality that is normally integrated.
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o Dissociative identity disorder is when a person displays the characteristics of two or more distinct personalities. o
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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psych outline - Module 46 Abnormal behavior is behavior...

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