fungi - Fungal Characteristics Fungal Characteristics...

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Unformatted text preview: Fungal Characteristics Fungal Characteristics 1)Cell wall made of Chitin 2)Heterotrophs and major Decomposers 3)Body is made of Long filaments of hyphae which form a mycelium 4)Reproduce sexually and asexually Asexually by spores Sexually by mating of hyphae filaments An example of Fungi You know Mushrooms Club Like Fungi or Basidiomycete Fungi Bracket Fungi Basidiomycete Fungi Bread Mold a Zygomycete Fungi Cup Fungi Ascomycete Fungi Note the cup shapes and orange peel colour Kingdom Fungi you must know 5 Major Phyla 1. Phylum Zygomycota = the Bread Molds Rhizopus black bread mold 1. Oomycota = the Water Molds Water mold, potato blight, mildew 1. Phylum Ascomycota = the Sac Fungi Yeast, morels, truffles 1. Phylum Basidiomycota = the Club Fungi Mushrooms, puffballs, bracket fungi, rusts, smuts, toadstools 1. Phylum Deuteromycota = the Fungi Imperfecti-are primarily decomposers -asexual spores may be produced in sporangia-sexual reproduction occurs between + and strains forming a 2n zygote; a zygospore develops and may lie dormant for a long period of time; meiosis occurs just before germination-only the zygote is diploid; all hyphae and asexual spores are haploid Zygomycota (Rhizopus) the Common Molds Zygomycota common molds The fungal mass of hyphae, known as the MYCELIUM penetrates the bread and produces the fruiting bodies on top of the stalks Mycelia = a mass of hyphae or filaments Rhizoids = root-like hyphae The zhizoids meet underground and mating occurs between hyphae of different molds (SEXUAL REPRODUCTION) Zygomycota ( Rhizopus ) Lifecycle of a Zygomycete Fungi Asexual then Sexual...
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fungi - Fungal Characteristics Fungal Characteristics...

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