fungi - Fungal Characteristics Fungal 1)Cell wall made of...

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Fungal Characteristics Fungal Characteristics 1)Cell wall made of Chitin 2)Heterotrophs and major Decomposers 3)Body is made of Long filaments of hyphae which form a mycelium 4)Reproduce sexually and asexually Asexually by spores Sexually by mating of hyphae filaments
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An example of Fungi You know
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Mushrooms – “Club Like” Fungi or Basidiomycete Fungi
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Bracket Fungi – Basidiomycete Fungi
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Bread Mold – a Zygomycete Fungi
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Cup Fungi – Ascomycete Fungi Note the cup shapes and orange peel colour
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Kingdom Fungi – you must know 5 Major Phyla 1. Phylum Zygomycota = the Bread Molds Rhizopus – black bread mold 1. Oomycota = the Water Molds Water mold, potato blight, mildew 1. Phylum Ascomycota = the Sac Fungi Yeast, morels, truffles 1. Phylum Basidiomycota = the Club Fungi Mushrooms, puffballs, bracket fungi, rusts, smuts, toadstools 1. Phylum Deuteromycota = the Fungi Imperfecti
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-are primarily decomposers -asexual spores may be produced in sporangia -sexual reproduction occurs between + and – strains forming a 2n zygote; a zygospore develops and may lie dormant for a long period of time; meiosis occurs just before germination -only the zygote is diploid; all hyphae and asexual spores are haploid Zygomycota (Rhizopus) the Common Molds
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Zygomycota – common molds The fungal mass of hyphae, known as the MYCELIUM penetrates the bread and produces the fruiting bodies on top of the stalks Mycelia = a mass of hyphae or filaments
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Rhizoids = root-like hyphae The zhizoids meet underground and mating occurs between hyphae of different molds (SEXUAL REPRODUCTION)
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Zygomycota ( Rhizopus )
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Lifecycle of a Zygomycete Fungi – Asexual then Sexual
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Ascomycota – Cup Fungi Life Cycle
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Yeast is an Ascomycete Fungus
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