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Unformatted text preview: Biological Sciences 010 Concepts of Biology Practice Prelim #1 Page 1 of 12 Spring 2007 Biology Learning Skills Center Concepts of Biology: Analysis, Enrichment, and Review Biological Sciences 010: Section for Non-Biology Majors Allen D. MacNeill, Instructor Practice Prelim #1 Caution! There is only one correct answer per question! 1.1) Which of the following is not a characteristic of living organisms? .... a) the ability to move as the result of changes inside the organism .... b) the ability to exchange energy and materials with the external environment .... c) the ability to grow and change over time .... d) the ability to reproduce .... e) all of these are characteristics of living organisms 1.2) Which of the following statements about life and living organisms is false ? .... a) life requires a special life force not found in non-living things .... b) living things are made of the same materials as non-living things .... c) the difference between life and non-life is the result of organization, .... not different materials .... d) a constant input of energy and materials is necessary to maintain life .... e) living organisms can respond actively to changes in their surroundings 1.3) A scientist suspects that salt water inhibits the growth of pea plants. Which of the following is the best experiment that s/he might use to test this hypothesis? a) adding salt water to the soil around a single pea plant b) adding a measured amount of salt water to the soil around a single pea plant c) adding a measured amount of salt water to the soil around several pea plants d) adding a measured amount of salt water to the soil around several pea plants, and an equal amount of pure water to the soil around another pea plant e) adding a measured amount of salt water to the soil around several pea plants, and an equal amount of pure water to the soil around several other pea plants 1.4) Which of the following is the best description of a scientific theory ? a) A tentative guess about the cause of an observable phenomenon b) A statement about an observable phenomenon which is accepted as absolutely true c) A hypothesis that has been repeatedly tested and has not yet been found to be inconsistent with observed results d) A hypothesis that has yet to be exhaustively tested e) none of the above are good descriptions of a scientific theory Biological Sciences 010 Concepts of Biology Practice Prelim #1 Page 2 of 12 1.5) How do we discover new scientific ideas? .... a) methodical investigation .... b) inspiration .... c) intuition .... d) serendipity .... e) all of the above are correct 1.6) Which of the following best describes the principle known as Occams razor ?...
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- Spring '07