Infectious disease STD

Infectious disease STD - Infectious Diseases Infectious...

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Unformatted text preview: Infectious Diseases Infectious Infectious Diseases - A disease caused by an agent that can pass from one living thing to another thing Communicable disease – an infectious disease that is passed from one person to another. another What causes Inf.Dis. What Bacteria - a type of microorganism Bacteria that can cause disease. that – Strep throat, food poisoning, urinary Strep tract infections. tract Viruses – a type of agent that can Viruses cause disease. cause – Cold, flu, cold sores, measles, Cold, mono. mono. How are they spread How Air Contact with contaminated Contact objects objects Person to person Animals that spread disease Animals Food and water Food Defenses against infection Defenses Skin Chemical warfare on germs Chemical (sweat and oils produce acids that kill bacterial) kill Mucus membranes Mucus Stomach acids Stomach Helpful microorganisms Inflammations The immune system Weapons Weapons T-cells – cells that regulate the action T-cells of the immune system of Antibodies – substances that stick to Antibodies the surface of pathogens slowing their action. action. B-cells – cells in the immune system B-cells that produce antibodies against infection infection Immunization – injection of a small amount of a pathogen that will provide protection against an infectious disease. disease. Antibiotics – drugs that kill or Antibiotics limit the growth of bacteria. limit HIV HIV H – Human: virus can only infect Human virus humans humans I – Immuno-deficiency: the effect of Immuno-deficiency the the virus is to create a deficiency, a failure to work properly with the body’s immune system. body’s V – Virus: one of its characteristics is Virus one that it is incapable reproducing by itself. It reproduces by taking over the machinery of the human cell the How is HIV spread How Bodily Fluids –Blood Blood –Semen Semen –Vaginal secretions –Breast milk Sexual Contact Sexual Sexual intercourse Oral sex Oral Anal sex Anal Blood to Blood Contact Blood to Sharing needles or Sharing syringes syringes Tattooing - Piercing Accidental needle stick in Accidental a medical setting medical Incidental Cases Incidental Mother to baby during Mother pregnancy and delivery pregnancy Mother’s milk to baby During Dental During Procedures Procedures The following body fluids are NOT infectious NOT infectious Saliva Tears Sweat Feces Urine Signs and symptoms HIV Signs There are no true signs of There having HIV. having One may experience flu – like One symptoms of chills, fever, night sweats, rashes, etc. Some will have no signs or symptoms. symptoms. How HIV Works How HIV gets into the bloodstream HIV HIV targets white blood cells (T4 cells) Virus slowly destroys T4 cells Forces T4 cells to make copies of HIV Eventually the cell dies Moves on to other T4 cells Can be up to 10 years before person Can shows signs shows Phases of HIV infection Phases Infection with no signs or symptoms HIV – does not mean AIDS Signs and symptoms Signs AIDS – T4 cells are less than 200 cells per microliter of blood or serious conditions from long-term, damage to immune system damage –Opportunistic Infections Opportunistic Testing Testing ELISA – blood test that identifies ELISA whether a person has antibodies for HIV HIV Western Blot Test – done to confirm Western the results of the Elisa test. the Incubation Window – it can take 6 wks Incubation to 6 mths for anti. to form after exposure to HIV. This test should be done at least 6 wks after a person is or thinks they are infected. or AIDS AIDS A – Acquired: a condition one must acquire or get infected with. acquire I – Immune: it affects the body’s Immune: immune system, the part of the body which usually works to fight off germs such as bacteria and viruses. such D – Deficiency: makes it not work Deficiency: properly properly S – Syndrome: a group of symptoms Signs and symptoms of AIDS Signs There are no common signs or There symptoms for AIDS symptoms People may experience People opportunistic infections – when the immune system is weakened and can attack the body. EX.- pneumonia. EX.- AIDS is not spread by: AIDS Casual contact – dry Casual mouth kissing, hugging, being sneezed on or coughed on. coughed Mosquito bites How to Protect yourself How Abstinence - 100% Have Safe Sex - Practice Have Monogamy – (when two people have intercourse with only each other for their entire lives). other Don’t use dirty needles Get tested Now that we have covered HIV and AIDS, What is the difference in them? them? Are they the same thing? Why do these two things Why always get linked together? always Is one more dangerous then Is STD Facts STD Sexually Transmitted Disease Disease What is an STD? What Sexually Transmitted Sexually Disease - is serious, sometimes painful, and can cause a lot of serious damage. serious How is STD Spread How is STD is spread during close, STD sexual activity. It is spread during vaginal, anal and oral sex. vaginal, HIV and Hepatitis are also spread by contact with infected blood by Most STD germs need to live in warm, moist areas. That’s why they infect the mouth, rectum and sex organs. sex What to do What Get checked out Get Don’t hope the STD will go away. It won’t! will What to watch for What Women * an unusual discharge or smell from your vagina. from * pain in your pelvic area – the area between your belly button and sex organs organs * burning or itching around your vagina vagina * Bleeding from your vagina that is not your regular period. period. * Pain deep inside your vagina when you have sex. vagina What to watch for What Men Men * a drip or discharge drip from the penis, sores, bumps, or redness. bumps, Both men and women Both * Sores, bumps or blisters Sores, near your sex organs near * burning and pain when you burning urinate or have a bowel movement movement *Need to urinate often Continued …… Continued * Itching around your sex Itching organs organs * a swelling or redness in swelling your throat your * Flu-like feelings with fever, Flu-like chills and aches chills Continued…..men and women Continued…..men * swelling in your swelling groin, the area around your sex organs your How to protect yourself How Talk to your partner Look closely at your partner Look – signs of STD signs Use a latex condom Get checked Get Protect yourself Protect Know the signs and Know symptoms symptoms Get treated - don’t have sex Get until your treatment is complete. Your partner needs to be treated too. to This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching. ...
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