Unformatted text preview: by overpopulation Internal wars and water shortages were merely contributing factors. Mesopotamians suffered a similar fate. The collapse of the civilization that occupied the Euphrates River basin of the Great Fertile Crescent was different only in that it was caused by extensive irrigation, introduced without adequate drainage, that eventually led to salination and water-logging of the soil. The one thing that we know with certainty about the causes of the collapse is that they were internal. Egypt was not invaded by a foreign people and was not involved in a major war or even any military action other than routine policing of the few points at which it was not isolated from the rest of the world by natural barriers. There appears to have been a steady trickle of migration into Egypt, but there is no reason to suppose that the immigrants were sufficiently numerous and active either to affect the character of the Egyptian population or to attempt an uprising....
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course ANTHRO 100 taught by Professor Payntor during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).
- Fall '08