American Foreign Policy-page3

American Foreign Policy-page3 - disjuncture there...

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5. Avoid moral excess in defining the national interest. 6. Politics is distinct from other aspects of human nature , an autonomous zone. The Tragedy of Great Power Politics by John Mearsheimer: - “Realism has a very pessimistic view of international politics. It says that has always been conflict, there is conflict today, and there always will be conflict, and there’s not much you can do about it. This is what I call the “tragedy of great power politics.” Why? - Great power politics are tragic because the anarchy of the international system requires states to seek dominance at one another’s expense, dooming even peaceful nations to a relentless power struggle. Henry Kissenger developed the Balance of Power Theory. - Power is the ultimate aphrodisiac.” Mearsheimer, 2002 - “I would pay more attention to what states do, rather than what they say. If you look at the behavior of states and mesh it with the rhetoric of the leaders, you’ll often find a real
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Unformatted text preview: disjuncture there International Institutionalism Looking at the United States role in the world as a garden. Underpinnings of Institutionalism -Immanuel Kant, German Philosopher, Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch (1795) -President Woodrow Wilson, 14 Points Promoted creation of a Leage of Nations after WWI. -President Roosevelt, The Four Freedoms, and the founding principles of the UN and the post WWII Liberal Economic Order. The development of international organization represents both a realistic response to the requirements of doing national business in an increasingly complex international setting an idealistic attempt to modfy the operation of the multi-state system so as to make civilized living possible in an increasingly interdependent world. -Inis Claude, Swords into Ploughshares: The Problems and Progress of International Organizations. -A problem to be managed by strengthening international institutions....
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