American Foreign Policy-page14

American Foreign Policy-page14 - Deepen cultural...

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Hearts and Minds - Is not about General Westmoreland, nor the succession of United States Presidents and their advisers who sought desperately and probably sincerely to understand Vietnam. Rather it is about the generations of attitudes, wishes and beliefs that these men represented. Its about the power the country inherited. The Rise of Détente or Relaxation of Tensions (1969-74) - Two Competing Trends: o Fighting communism. o Reconciling with major communist powers. “The domestic practices of the Soviet Union are not necessarily related to détente…” Rather it reflects a recognition of the “limits on our ability to produce internal change in foreign countries.” --Henry Kissinger, Testimony to Congress The rise of Détente Key features of US-Soviet Agreement on “Basic Principles of Relations” (1972) Peaceful coexistence and noninterference Avoid military confrontations; prevent outbreak of war Limit armaments Promote commercial and economic ties
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Unformatted text preview: Deepen cultural ties—exchange and tourism American View of Détente “… a strategy of managing the emergence of Soviet power by drawing the Soviet Union into the existing world order through acceptance of a code of conduct for competition that favored the United States,” –Raymond Garthoff Soviet View of Détente “peaceful coexistence, which would set aside the direct conflict between the two superpowers, in order to allow sot and anti-imperialist forces a free hand… manuvering the United States into a world no longer marked by U.S. predominance.” Nixon’s Détente Strategy (highpoint 1972-1973) 1. negotiate strategic arms control 2. diplomatic relations with china 3. increase trade 4. “linkage” The Fall of Détente Clashing conceptions Intensifying and expanding Third World rivalries Precipitating Event: -1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan o Cross-border aggression...
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course POLI SCI 255 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at UMass (Amherst).

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