Art History-page3 - Stonehenge in Salisbury Plain,...

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Unformatted text preview: Stonehenge in Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England. - 2900-1500 BCE - Henge: A man made circle, in this case it is made out of stone. - A circular ditch was made, and all the dirt that was dug up was used to make a mound around the ditch. - Inside the ditch, were 56 holes. - On a later date, they brought in stones that were 6ft high, set up within the circle. - Trilithon: Large stones that are upright, free standing, not linked together, they are 24ft high. They weigh 50 tons. - The technique used is called Post and Lintel. - Post and Lintel o The stones were held together with joints. o Mortise and tenon is a type of joint. It is used a lot in furniture. Tenon is on top of the post, it is rounded, it fits into a whole on the underside of the lintel, locking it into place. - They think it would have taken 1,000 men, 7 years to do it. - It was a place where people were buried. It is definitely a cemetery. September 14, 2011 Sacred Space and Kingship in the Near East and Egypt Writing was invited around 3000 BCE, or 5000 years ago. - Invented in the Fertile Cresent that went from Egypt to the Persian Gulf. Sumerian: Site of Ur in the South Cuneiform: Earliest writing system of the Sumerians. Geography of Mesopotamia. - Very flat and dry. - In the South in the area around Ur, there is a mound made of earth and brick by man. Zigguart at Ur - Man made mound or mountain. - Made with Earth, Mud, and Brick. - 190ft by 130ft. - Pretty much a pyramid. - A temple is at the very top, it was for the moon goddess. The God was up there and in order to talk to them, you had to climb up the mountain or mound. - Rainbows in many cultures are considered a method of communication between the living and the divine. - It had to be rebuilt because of the damage due to weather. Votive Statuettes from Tell Asmar, IRaw 2900 BCE - Buried under the floor board of temples. - These are found at the temple of Abu, the God of vegetation. ...
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