Hockett2 - Charles Hockett's "design features of...

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Charles Hockett's "design features of language" Thirteen features in all, but only human language has all thirteen of them. ..
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Hockett: 13 design features of language 1. Vocal-auditory channel 2. Rapid fading 3. Broadcast transmission and directional reception 4. Interchangeability 5. Total feedback 6. Specialization 7. Semanticity 8. Arbitrariness 9. Discreteness ("digital nature") 10. DISPLACEMENT 11. PRODUCTIVITY 12. TRADITIONAL TRANSMISSION 13. DUALITY OF PATTERNING (DOUBLE ARTICULATION) (sort of a combination of discreteness and productivity)
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1. Vocal auditory channel Speaking and hearing as key features (but sign languages. ..) Animals have this design feature too: birds, whales, nonhuman primates. ..
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2. Broadcast transmission and bidirectional reception Sound goes out in all directions from speaker; hearer can (usually) pinpoint the sound source. Why "usually"? Animals that communicate with sound also count here.
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Messages are here and then they are not. Once I've finished saying something (unless there is an echo), that's it. Also applies to all animal communications.
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course ECON 102 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Saddleback.

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Hockett2 - Charles Hockett's "design features of...

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