Lee4 - Language and Culture Lee Dorothy Lee Similar ideas...

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Language and Culture Lee
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Dorothy Lee Similar ideas to Whorf, but independently formulated More “culture”-focused, but still linguistic
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Domains and words Language maps out reality Different languages map out reality differently Words commonly organized into domains ( A and B are types of X ) (example in English, “red” and “green” are types of “color”)
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Cross-cultural domains? Color? Brightness, hue, saturation... is it a universal domain? Hanunóo (Philippines) “color” domain: What we would normally think of as colors are mapped out not according to brightness, hue, and saturation, but rather according to relative lightness/darkness and relative freshness/dryness.
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Emotion? Our ideas in English as to what counts as “emotions” and the domain of “emotions”. Is it universal?
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Tahiti (Pacific) Tahitian ideas of “sadness” include “fatigue” and “gentleness”.
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Language and thought English domain of “emotions” contains various ideas: “happiness”, “anger”, “sadness”, “surprise”, etc. Language here marks out certain bodily experiences (which we may think of, in this case, as “thought” or “cognition”) and clusters them under a term: “emotions”
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Yucatec Maya? “Sahak” (“fear”), “kí'imak 'óol” (“happiness”), “su'lak” (“shame”), “xí'ich mukuy” (“the creeps”), etc.
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