McArthur6 - Language and Culture McArthur Chinese, English,...

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Language and Culture McArthur Chinese, English, Spanish--and the Rest
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Languages and "varieties" Languages come and go 6,000 or so now in the world Some languages seem fairly "uniform": small numbers of speakers, small amounts of variation But English? More than a billion speakers; how many varieties? What are some varieties of English?
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What about "official languages"? What are they? What are examples? How do varieties of a given language fit in?
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Some key terms bilingualism : speaking two languages diglossia : two discrete forms of a given language, usually a "high/formal" version and a "low/informal" version multilingualism : more than two languages ( multiglossia ?) societal multilingualism vs individual multilingualism transitional multilingualism vs stable multilingualism attitudes? language vs dialect dialect issues: "standard" vs "accented" language issues: pidgins and creoles
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McArthur6 - Language and Culture McArthur Chinese, English,...

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