Chemistry 101-page3

Chemistry 101-page3 - - Since ethanol is metabolize by...

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- Since ethanol is metabolize by alcohol dehydrogenase to acetic acid, care must be taken to avoid metabolic acidosis. Sodium bicarbonate can be infused to neutralize the acetic acid. Propylene glycol or 1,2 dimethylpropane. - Propylene glycol is less toxic because its structure can not be metabolized to oxalic acid. - Propylene glycol is gaining usage but is more expensive than ethylene glycol. Glycerol or 1,2,3-trimethylpropane - Glycerol or glycerin is derived from natural fats used in the soap making process. - Glycerol is not toxic, is sweet and is used in foods. - Glycerol is a humectant. It attracts water or moisture because of hydrogen bonding and is used in many skin care products. April 7, 2011 He put a thing up on spark that will help us with naming things. Chapter 14: Organic Chemicals and Polymers Carboxlyic Acids - Named by replacing “E” with “oic” - Formed by oxidation of corresponding alcohol, ethanol, ethanoic acid, or acetic acid. -
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course CHEM 101 taught by Professor Everettturner during the Fall '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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