Ch._11_Objectives

Ch._11_Objectives - Objectives: Chapter 11 (Motivation)...

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Objectives: Chapter 11 (Motivation) (NOTE: Our coverage of this chapter will be limited to pages 443-447; 478-481) Define motivation as psychologists use the term today. o A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal Identify four perspectives useful for studying motivated behavior. o The instinct/evolutionary perspective explores genetic influences on complex behaviors o Drive-reduction theory explores how physiological needs create aroused tension states (drives) that direct us to satisfy those needs o Arousal theory proposes a motivation for behaviors, such as curiosity-driven behaviors, that do not reduce physiological needs. o Maslow’s hierarchy of needs proposes a pyramid of human needs, from basic needs such as hunger and thirst up to higher-level needs such as actualization and transcendence Define homeostasis as used by drive-reduction theorists. o
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Waesche during the Summer '08 term at FSU.

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Ch._11_Objectives - Objectives: Chapter 11 (Motivation)...

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