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Ch._14_Objectives - Objectives Chapter 14(Psychological...

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Objectives: Chapter 14 (Psychological Disorders) (NOTE: Our coverage of this chapter will be limited to pages 593-608; 611-621) Identify the criteria for judging whether behavior is psychologically disordered. o Psychologists and psychiatrists consider behavior disordered when it is deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional. The definition of deviant varies with context and culture. It also varies with time, for example, some children who might have been judged rambunctious a few decades ago now are being diagnosed with ADHD Describe the goals and basic organizational structure of the DSM-IV-TR. o The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is a reference work consulted by psychiatrists, psychologists, physicians in clinical practice, social workers, medical and nursing students, pastoral counselors, and other professionals in health care and social service fields. The book's title is often shortened to DSM , or an abbreviation that also indicates edition, such as DSM- IV-TR, which indicates fourth edition, text revision of the manual, published in 2000. The DSM-IV-TR provides a classification of mental disorders, criteria sets to guide the process of differential diagnosis, and numerical codes for each disorder to facilitate medical record keeping. The stated purpose of the DSM is threefold: to provide "a helpful guide to clinical practice"; "to facilitate research and improve communication among clinicians and researchers"; and to serve as "an educational tool for teaching psychopathology." Discuss the benefits – but also the potential dangers – of using diagnostic labels.
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