Objectives_Ch07

Objectives_Ch07 - Objectives Chapter 7(Learning(pages...

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Objectives: Chapter 7 (Learning) (pages 291-325) Define learning and identify two forms of learning. Learning is a relatively permananent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience. In associative l earning, we learn to associate two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning). In observational learning, we learn by watching others’ experiences and examples. Define classical conditioning and describe its four basic components. Classical Conditioning, is a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. Pavlov’s work on classical conditioning laid the foundation for behaviorism, the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Summarize the processes of acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, and discrimination. In classical conditioning, acquisition is associating a CS with the US. Acquisition occurs most readily when a CS is presented just before (ideally, about a half-second before) a US, preparing the organism for the upcoming event. This finding supports the view that classical conditioning is biologically adaptive. Extinction
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