midterm study guide

midterm study guide - Stem Cells- very basic cells that can...

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Stem Cells - very basic cells that can renew themselves indefinitely. Muscle, brain, skin, or intestinal cells Cloning is the process of creating a genetically identical copy of an existing organism by removing the nucleus of an egg cell and replacing it with a cell, such as skin cell from the organ to be duplicated. Types of Stem Cells : Embryonic-zygote, blastocyst, embroyonic cells were first isolated in 1998 Adult- much more specialized Why grow Stem cells: -Determine if transplanted stem cells can replaced damaged cells by a physical injury or disease -Examine how our bodies develop, where do things go wrong? Cancer -Examine stem cells that bear a genetic stamp of certain diseases that could be grown in a lab to produce new treatments Religious groups who support/oppose stem cell research. -Support: United Methodist Church, Committee on Jewish Law and Standards of the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, General Convention of the Episcopal Church -Oppose: Southern Baptist Convention, US Conference of Catholic Bishops, Christian Coalition of America Snow Flake Children- are children born from unused in vitro fertilization embryos that were given up for adoption by the couples that created them. Other countries that have banned embryonic stem cell research -Austria, Norway, Ireland Which continent has the least restrictive policies on embryonic stem cell research? -Asia States that have passed stem cell amendments or initiatives or providing $$ - California/New Jersey National Academy of Sciences 2005 Stem Cell Research Guide Lines. - No donor may be paid for their donation and No ESC may be used after 14 days How do other nations run their health care systems? Socialized/Nationalized - UK, SPA,PORT
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-All Citizens funded through taxes. Doctor’s are salaried by the government and hospitals are owned by the government. Single Payer System - SWE, DEN, FIN -Healthcare is provided privately but paid for publicly. The government collects taxes and pays the medical bills. Multi-payer : GER, FRA, BEL, AUSTRIA -Lower Income workers pay a matching employer tax that pays for health care. High income workers may purchase a private policy instead. Government sets the reimbursement rates. -In Europe each individual nation is responsible for healthcare. Human Skill Cells Progress- Human skin cells were reprogrammed to act like Embryonic Stem Cells, could avoid the clash over destruction of embryos, This research is still being conducted and verified. POTENTIAL Exists Deductible- A specific dollar amount that your health insurance company may require that you pay out-of-pocket each year before your health insurance plan begins to make payments for
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course PSC 103 taught by Professor Dedriclee during the Spring '11 term at Jefferson College.

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midterm study guide - Stem Cells- very basic cells that can...

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