PSYC - 1 The Psychoanalytic Perspective Module 44 2...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 The Psychoanalytic Perspective Module 44 2 Personality An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. Each dwarf has a distinct personality. 3 Psychodynamic Perspective In his clinical practice, Freud encountered patients suffering from nervous disorders whose complaints could not be explained in terms of purely physical causes. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) C u l v e r P i c t u r e s 4 Psychodynamic Perspective Freuds clinical experience led him to develop the first comprehensive theory of personality which included, the unconscious mind , psychosexual stages and defense mechanisms . Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) C u l v e r P i c t u r e s 5 Model of Mind The mind is like an iceberg . Mostly hidden and below the surface lies the unconscious mind . The preconscious, stores temporary memories. 6 Exploring the Unconscious A reservoir ( unconscious mind ) of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their mind ( free association ) to tap the unconscious. h t t p : / / w w w . e n g l i s h . u p e n n . e d u 7 Dream Analysis Another method to analyze the unconscious mind is through interpreting the manifest and latent contents of dreams. The Nightmare , Henry Fuseli (1791) 8 Psychoanalysis The process of free association (chain of thoughts) led to painful, embarrassing unconscious memories. Once these memories were retrieved and released ( treatment: psychoanalysis ) the patient felt better. 9 Personality Structure Personality develops as a result of our efforts to resolve conflicts between our biological impulses (id) and social restraints (superego). 10 Id, Ego and Superego Id unconsciously strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives operating on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification . Largely conscious, ego functions as the executive and mediates the demands of id and superego. Superego provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations. 11 Personality Development Freud believed that personality formed during lifes first few years divided into psychosexual stages . During these stages the ids pleasure seeking energies focus on pleasure sensitive body areas called erogenous zones . 12 Psychosexual Stages Freud divided development of personality through five psychosexual stages . 13 Oedipus Complex A boys sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. Also Electra complex for the girls desire for the father. 14 Identification Children cope with threatening feelings by repressing them...
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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PSYC - 1 The Psychoanalytic Perspective Module 44 2...

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