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PSYC - ThePsychoanalytic Perspective Module44 1...

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1 The Psychoanalytic  Perspective Module 44
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2 Personality An individual’s  characteristic pattern  of thinking,  feeling, and acting. Each dwarf has a distinct personality.
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3 Psychodynamic  Perspective In his clinical practice,  Freud  encountered  patients suffering from  nervous disorders whose  complaints could not be  explained in terms of  purely physical  causes. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) C u l v e r P i c t u r e s
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4 Psychodynamic Perspective Freud’s clinical  experience led him to  develop the first  comprehensive theory of  personality which  included, the  unconscious mind psychosexual stages  and  defense mechanisms . Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) C u l v e r P i c t u r e s
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5 Model of Mind The mind is like an  iceberg . Mostly hidden and  below the surface lies  the unconscious mind . The  preconscious, stores temporary memories.
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6 Exploring the Unconscious A reservoir ( unconscious mind ) of mostly  unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and  memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever came  to their mind ( free association ) to tap the unconscious. h t t p : / / w w w . e n g l i s h . u p e n n . e d u
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7 Dream Analysis Another method to analyze the unconscious mind is  through interpreting the  manifest   and  latent  contents  of dreams. The Nightmare , Henry Fuseli (1791)
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8 Psychoanalysis The process of  free  association  (chain of  thoughts) led to painful,  embarrassing unconscious  memories. Once these  memories were retrieved  and released ( treatment:  psychoanalysis ) the patient  felt better.
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9 Personality Structure Personality develops as a result of our efforts to  resolve conflicts between our  biological impulses  (id)  and  social restraints  (superego).
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10 Id, Ego and Superego Id  unconsciously strives to satisfy basic sexual and  aggressive drives operating on the pleasure principle,  demanding  immediate gratification . Largely conscious,  ego  functions as the “executive”  and mediates the demands of id and superego. Superego  provides standards for judgment (the  conscience) and for future aspirations.
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11 Personality Development Freud believed that personality formed during life’s  first few years divided into  psychosexual stages During these stages the id’s pleasure seeking  energies focus on pleasure sensitive  body areas  called  erogenous zones .
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12 Psychosexual Stages Freud divided development of personality through  five psychosexual stages .
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13 Oedipus Complex A boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and  feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father.  Also  Electra complex  for the girl’s desire for the  father.
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14 Identification Children cope with  threatening feelings by  repressing them  and by  identifying with the rival  parent. Through this 
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