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Mod_52_53_54_moodle - ThePsychological Therapies Module52 1

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1 The Psychological  Therapies Module 52
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2 History of Insane Treatment Maltreatment of the insane throughout the ages was  based on irrational views. Many patients were  subjected to strange,  _debilitating_  and downright  _dangerous treatments_ . T h e   G r a n g C o l c t i
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3 History of Insane Treatment _Pinel_  in France and  _Dix_  in America founded  _humane_  movements to care for the mentally sick. h t p : / w i m . n l g o v Philippe Pinel (1745-1826)  Dorthea Dix (1745-1826)  C u e r   P c s
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4 Therapies _Psycotherapy_  involves an emotionally charged,  confiding interaction between a trained therapist and  a mental patient. _Biomedical Therapy_ uses drugs or other  procedures that act on the patient’s nervous system  curing him of psychological disorders. An   _eclectic approach_ uses various forms of healing  techniques depending on the client’s unique  problems.
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5 Psychological Therapies We will look at  _four_  major forms of  psychotherapy based on different theories on human  nature: 1. _psycoanalytical_  theory 2.  Humanistic theory 3. _behavioral_  theory 4. _cognitive_  theory
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6 Psychoanalysis The first formal psychotherapy to emerge was  _psycoanalysis_  developed by  _Sigmund Freud_ Sigmund Freud's famous couch E d m u n   g l e a
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7 Psychoanalysis: Methods Dissatisfied with  _hypnosis_ , Freud developed the  method of  _free association_ to unravel the  unconscious mind and its conflicts. The patient lies on a couch and speaks whatever  comes to his mind. h t p : / w . e n g l i s u d
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8 Psychoanalysis: Methods During free association, the patient edits his thoughts  to resist his feelings and to express his emotions.  Such  _resistance_  becomes important in the analysis  of conflict-driven anxiety. Eventually the patient opens up and reveals his  innermost private thoughts to the therapist,  developing positive or negative feelings  ( _transference_)  towards him.
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9 Psychoanalysis: Criticisms 1. Psychoanalysis is hard to refute because it  cannot be  _proven or diproven_ . 2. Psychoanalysis takes a  _long time_  and is very  _expensive_ .
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10 Psychodynamic Therapies Influenced by Freud, in a face-to-face setting,  _psychodynamic_  therapists understand symptoms  and themes across important relationships in a  patient’s life.
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11 Psychodynamic Therapies _Interpersonal psychotherapy_ ,  a variation of  psychodynamic therapy is effective in treating  depression. It focuses on symptom relief  _here and  now_ , not overall personality change.
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12 Humanistic Therapies _humanistic therapists_ aims to boost self-fulfillment  by helping people grow in self-awareness and self- acceptance.
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Mod_52_53_54_moodle - ThePsychological Therapies Module52 1

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