Mod_55_56_57

Mod_55_56_57 - SocialThinking Module55 1...

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1 Social Thinking Module 55
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2 Focuses in Social Psychology Social psychology  scientifically studies how we  think about influence , and  relate to  one another. “We cannot live for ourselves alone.” Herman Melville
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3 Social Thinking Social thinking involves thinking about others,  especially when they engage in doing things that are  unexpected. 1. Does his absenteeism signify illness,  laziness, a stressful work atmosphere? 2. Was the horror of 9/11 the work of crazed  evil people or ordinary people corrupted by  life events.
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4 Attributing Behavior to Persons or to  Situations Attribution Theory:   Fritz  Heider (1958) suggested  that we have a tendency to  give causal explanations  for someone’s behavior,  often by crediting either  the situation or the  person’s disposition. h t p : / w . s e d a r u Fritz Heider
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5 Attributing Behavior to Persons or to  Situations A teacher may wonder [think] whether a child’s  hostility reflects an aggressive personality  ( dispositional attribution ) or a reaction to stress or  abuse ( a situational attribution ). h t p : / w . b o s n a l r g Dispositions are enduring  personality traits. So if Joe is  a quiet, shy and introverted  child he is likely to be like  that in a number of  situations.
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6 Fundamental Attribution Error The tendency to overestimate the impact of personal  disposition and underestimate the impact of the  situations in analyzing the behaviors of others leads  to  fundamental attribution error . We see Joe quiet, shy and introverted most of the  time but with friends and he is very talkative, loud  and extroverted.
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7 Effects of Attribution How we explain someone’s behavior affects how we  react to it.
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8 Attitude Belief and feeling that predisposes one to respond in  a particular way to objects, people and events. If we  believe  a person is mean, we may  feel  dislike  for the person and  act  unfriendly.
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9 Attitudes Can Affect Action Our attitudes predict our behaviors imperfectly  because other factors including the external situation  also influence behavior. Although Democrat leaders supported Bush’s attack  on Iraq, under public pressure, they had their private  reservations.
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10 Attitudes Can Affect Action Not only do people stand for what they believe  [attitude] in, but they start believing in what they stand  for. Cooperative actions can lead to mutual liking (beliefs).
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Small Request – Large Request In the Korean war, Chinese communists solicited  cooperation from US army prisoners by asking them  to carry out small errands. By complying to small  errands they were likely to comply with larger ones. Foot-in-the-Door Phenomenon:
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Mod_55_56_57 - SocialThinking Module55 1...

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