PSYC Modules 1-3

PSYC Modules 1-3 - 1 Introduction to the History and...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Introduction to the History and Science of Psychology Modules 1 3 2 Psychology Today We define psychology today as the scientific study of ____________ (what we do) and _________________ (inner thoughts and feelings). 3 Impression of Psychology Hoping to satisfy curiosity, many people listen to talk-radio counselors and psychics to know about others and themselves. Dr. Crane (radio-shrink) h t t p : / / w w w . n b c . c o m h t t p : / / w w w . p h o t o v a u l t . c o m Psychic (Ball gazing) 4 The Need for Psychological Science Intuition & Common Sense Many of us believe that intuition and common sense are enough to bring forth answers about human nature. Although intuition and common sense may aid queries, they are not free of error. 5 Limits of Intuition Personal interviewers tend to be overconfident of their gut feelings about job applicants. T a x i / G e t t y I m a g e s 6 ____________________ is the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon. We tend to believe, after learning about an outcome, that we would have foreseen it. We knew that the dot.com stocks would plummet, only after they did. Hindsight Bias 7 ____________________ We tend to think we know more than we actually do. Anagram BARGE GRABE ENTRY ETYRN WATER WREAT How long do you think would it take to unscramble these anagrams? People said about 10 seconds. On average they took about 3 minutes (Goranson, 1978). 8 The Scientific Attitude The scientific attitude is composed of _________ (passion for exploration), ______________ (doubting and questioning) and _______________ (humbleness to accept when wrong). 9 ___________ is an explanation that integrates principles, organizes and predicts behaviors or events. For example, low self-esteem contributes to depression. Theory 10 _______________ is a testable prediction, often induced by a theory, to enable us to accept, reject or revise the theory. People with low self-esteem are apt to feel more depressed. Hypothesis 11 ____________ would require us to administer tests of self esteem and depression to people. Individuals who score low on self-esteem measures and high on depression tests, would confirm our hypothesis. Research Observations 12 Research Process 13 Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions _______________ The Case Study The Survey Naturalistic Observation _______________ Correlation and Causation Illusory Correlation Perceiving Order in Random Events 14 Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions _________________ Exploring Cause and Effect Evaluating Therapies Independent and Dependent Variables ___________________ Describing Data Making Inferences 15...
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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PSYC Modules 1-3 - 1 Introduction to the History and...

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