PSYCmod8,9

PSYCmod8,9 - 1 Prenatal Development and the Newborn Module...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Prenatal Development and the Newborn Module 8 2 Developmental Psychology Issue Details Nature/Nurture How do genetic inheritance ( our nature ) and experience ( the nurture we receive ) influence our behavior? Continuity/Stages Is development a gradual, continuous process or a sequence of separate stages? Stability/Change Do our early personality traits persist through life, or do we become different persons as we age. 3 _Conception_ A single sperm cell (male) penetrates the outer coating of the egg (female) and fuse to form one fertilized cell. L e n n a r t N i l s s o n / A l b e r t B o n n i e r s P u b l i s h i n g C o m p a n y L e n n a r t N i l s s o n / A l b e r t B o n n i e r s P u b l i s h i n g C o m p a n y 4 Prenatal Development A _zygote_ is a fertilized cell with 100 cells, which become increasingly diverse. At about 14 days the zygote turns into an _embryo_ (a and b). L e n n a r t N i l s s o n / A l b e r t B o n n i e r s P u b l i s h i n g C o m p a n y B i o p h o t o A s s o c i a t e s / P h o t o R e s e a r c h e r s , I n c . 5 Prenatal Development At 9 weeks an embryo turns into a _fetus_ (c and d). Teratogens are _chemicals or viruses_ that can enter the placenta and harm the developing fetus. L e n n a r t N i l s s o n / A l b e r t B o n n i e r s P u b l i s h i n g C o m p a n y L e n n a r t N i l s s o n / A l b e r t B o n n i e r s P u b l i s h i n g C o m p a n y 6 The Competent Newborn Infants are born with _reflexes_ that aid survival, including the rooting reflex that helps them locate food. 7 Cognitive Development in the Newborn Investigators study infants getting _habituated_ to objects over some duration of time. New objects are paid more attention than habituated ones, showing _learning_ . 8 Infancy and Childhood Module 9 9 Infancy and Childhood Infancy and childhood span from birth to teenage years. During these years the individual grows physically, cognitively and socially....
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2011 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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PSYCmod8,9 - 1 Prenatal Development and the Newborn Module...

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