Mod_23_24_moodle

Mod_23_24_moodle - LearningbyObservation Module23 1...

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1 Learning by Observation  Module 23
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2 Learning by  Observation Higher animals especially  humans learn through  observing and imitating  others. Monkey on the right  imitates monkey on the  left in touching the  pictures in a certain order  to get reward. © H e r b T a c
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3 Mirror Neurons Neuroscientist have discovered ( mirror ) neurons in  the brain of animals and humans that activate during  observational learning. Reprinted with permission from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Subiaul et al., Science 305: 407-410 (2004) © 2004 AAAS.
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4 Imitation  Onset Learning by observation  comes about early in life.  This 14 month old child  imitates the adult on TV in  pulling a toy apart. Meltzoff, A.N. (1998). Imitation of televised models by infants. Child Development, 59 1221-1229. Photos Courtesy of A.N. Meltzoff and M. Hanuk.
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5 Bandura’s  Experiments Bandura's 
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Mod_23_24_moodle - LearningbyObservation Module23 1...

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