Psyc 2060

Psyc 2060 - Chapter 1 Child Development Field of Child...

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Chapter 1 Child Development
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Field of Child Development Sub-area of child psychology Identify and describe changes in child from beginning of life to adolescence Cognitive Emotional Motor Social capacities and behaviors Uncover processes underlying the changes Use of research
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Child Development Family context Educational setting Peers Community context Cultural values and beliefs
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Themes of Development Biological versus Environmental Influences: nature vs. nurture Disagreement on which influences development the most Genetic or biological processes unfold naturally in maturation Environmental events can shape, modify Children are active agents
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Themes of Development Continuity versus Discontinuity Continuous process : each new event builds on earlier experiences in orderly way or gradual improvement Discontinuous process : development occurs in discrete steps or stages; each stage is a qualitatively new set of behaviors
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Typical Development and Individual Variation Normative v. Idiographic development Normative : how does the “average” child do Idiographic : how does the individual child do
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Themes of Development Individual Characteristics versus Contextual and Cultural Influences Individual and personality characteristics direct behaviors Environmental influences (family income, education, death, divorce, remarriage) Interactionist view: adopt both Resilience or “sleeper” effects?
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Cultural Differences and Similarities Universals of development Physical changes associated with biology Babbling in native language Cultural differences Depends on expectations of culture Goals of socialization
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Theoretical Perspectives on Development Two functions of theories Organize and integrate existing information into coherent, interesting, plausible accounts of how children develop Generate testable hypotheses or predictions about child behavior
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Theoretical Perspectives on Development Five general theoretical perspectives Structural-Organismic Approach focuses on structured set of stages an organism goes through over the course of psychological growth (structuralism) Used in Freud, Erikson, and Piaget’s
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Psyc 2060 - Chapter 1 Child Development Field of Child...

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