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105 General Chapter Notes - Exam 1

105 General Chapter Notes - Exam 1 - 1 Paleolithic outburst...

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1 Paleolithic: outburst of creativity paleo - “old” lithos - “stone” began to advance and show representations of humans and animals subject: - almost always animal - rarely human - almost never male strict profile - only view that is extremely informant about animal shape Cave Painting: lighting: - stone lamps filled with marrow or fat - wick made of moss, etc drawing: - chunks of red and yellow ocher painting: - ground the ochers into powders - mixed with water before reapplying large, flat stones were the palettes brushes were made from reeds, bristles, twigs artist not concerned with where the animals where or how they related with one another
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2 Neolithic Art: around 9000 BCE, the ice that covered most of northern Europe began to melt Paleolithic led into the Mesolithic period (transition period) domesticate plants and animals settle in fixed abodes transformed from hunters → herders → farmers → townspeople Paleolithic - food gathering Mesolithic - intensified food gathering - taming of the dog Neolithic - agriculture - stock raising - food production The new Neolithic sedentary lifestyle originated: - weaving - metalworking - pottery - counting and recording with clay tokens Catal Hoyuk: mid-7 th millennium BCE site of flourishing Neolithic culture importance of trade - Obsidian glasslike volcanic stone
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