105 Notes on Images - Exam 1

105 Notes on Images - Exam 1 - 1 Hall of Bulls Paleolithic...

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1 Hall of Bulls Paleolithic best known Paleolithic cave Hall of Bulls is largest painted area at Lascaux not only bulls depicted shows 2 different styles and techniques (possibly painted at different times) horns are in twisted perspective or composite view - heads in profile - horns from the front - not just what you would see from a fixed view point - descriptive of the fact that cattle have 2 horns Venus of Willendorf, Paleolithic women were often depicted nude these little statues were initially nicknamed “Venuses” (Goddess of love -- often depicted nude) - incorrect - unlikely they represented any deity limestone named after findspot in Austria cluster of ball like shapes anatomical exaggeration possibly a fertility image frequency of women figures in art → preoccupation with women - child bearing = symbol of survival of species did not aim for naturalism no facial features (like most Paleolithic) emphasis on female anatomy not a specific woman but the female form Bison, La Madeleine Paleolithic sculptors often carved their art on tusks, etc 4 inches reindeer antler detailed engraving artist decision to have the head turned - turned 180 ° so that it still follows the strict profile
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2 Paleolithic Chauvet Cave represented horns in a more natural way (not twisted perspective) Deer Hunt Neolithic Catal Hoyuk shows importance of hunting as a food source even though animal husbandry and agriculture was quickly developing regular appearance of human figures - not just single figures → large, coherent groups - wide variety of poses, subjects, settings Neolithic theme = human themes, concerns, and action scenes with humans dominating animals shows organized hunting party tense exaggeration of movement rhythmic repetition of basic shapes (customary for period) important descriptive details are easily distinguished - bows, arrows, garments - heads have clearly defined noses, mouths, chins, hair all heads are in profile - because only side view shows all clearly artificial viewpoint - torso in front view (most informative) - arms and legs in profile
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3 Stonehenge, Wiltshire England, c. 1800-1400 BCE. most famous megalithic monument in Europe on Salisbury Plain made of roughly cut sarsen (type of sandstone) and smaller “bluestones” (volcanic rock) built in several stages over hundreds of years henge = megalithic stones in a circle often surrounded by a ditch the final henge is concentric post-and-lintel circles outer ring - almost 100 feet in diameter - made of huge sarsen megaliths ????? Heel Stone
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course BIOL 243 taught by Professor Datt during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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105 Notes on Images - Exam 1 - 1 Hall of Bulls Paleolithic...

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