201 - study guide #1

201 - study guide #1 - Art Study Guide(Page 1 Exam 1 Images...

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Unformatted text preview: Art Study Guide (Page 1) Exam 1 Images: Paleolithic Chapter 1: 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13 Neolithic: Chapter 1: 14, 18, 20 Pre-Dynastic / Early Dynastic Egyptian: Chapter 3: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 Old Kingdom Egyptian Chapter 3: 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15 New Kingdom Egyptian: Chapter 3: 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 Amarna Style Egyptian: Chapter 3: 30, 31, 32, 33 Late Period Egyptian : Chapter 3: 38 Cycladic: Chapter 4: 2, 3 Minoan Chapter 4: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 10, 11 12, 14 Mycenaean Chapter 4: 15, 16, (17), 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25 Art Study Guide (Page 2) Prehistoric Stylistic Eras and dates : Paleolithic 30,000-10,000 B.C. Mesolithic 10,000-8000 B.C. Neolithic 8,000-3,000 B.C. Prehistoric Vocabulary: corbeled vault: • a vault formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses • cantilevered inward until the 2 walls meet in an arch cromlech: • bent stone dolmen: • post and lintel lintel (post and lintel structure): • horizontal beam used to span an opening • 2 posts support a lintel megalith: • “great stone” • a large, roughly hewn stone used in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures menhir: • standing stone Art Study Guide (Page 3) monolith: • stone column shaft that is all in one piece • a large, single block or piece of stone used in megalithic • a colossal statue carved from a single piece of stone optic vs. descriptive art: • twisted perspective and composite view: • convention of representation • part of the figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally Art Study Guide (Page 4) Prehistoric Study Questions: What stylistic characteristics do the caves paintings we have looked at share? • large flat stones • focused on animals • when humans were portrayed, it was almost always of a female • most animals shown were in way you could easily tell what animals it was How may fig 1-13 illustrate the idea that cave painting was done for a “magic” purpose? • unusual because it depicts a man • images of someone were seen as having power over the person How did natural rock formation play a role in some cave painting? • subject was sometimes determined by the shape of the rock • examples- bison with turned head- hall of the bulls (bird shape in the rock) What was the probable purpose of the Venus of Willendorf (fig. 1-8)? • fertility = survival of the species • small = can be carried around • no specific woman What sort of subject matter became important in the Mesolithic, and how, stylistically, did representations change? Art Study Guide (Page 5) • “intensified food gathering” and “taming of the dog” Discuss the societal changes in Neolithic culture that changed the economic and intellectual basis of their lives. How did these changes effect their material culture?...
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course BIOL 243 taught by Professor Datt during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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201 - study guide #1 - Art Study Guide(Page 1 Exam 1 Images...

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