bio 243 - ch1 - Chapter 1 - Page 1 REGIONAL TERM AND...

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Chapter 1 -- Page 1 REGIONAL TERM AND MEDICAL EQUIVALENT Regional Term Medical Term Nose nasal Mouth oral Neck cervical Point of Shoulder acromial Armpit axillary Abdomen abdominal Arm brachial Front of elbow antecubital Forearm antebrachial Pelvis pelvic Wrist carpal Thumb pollex Palm palmar Fingers digital Genital Region pubic Anterior Knee patellar Leg crural Foot pedal Ankle tarsal Toes digital Forehead frontal Eye orbital Cheek buccal Chin mental
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Chapter 1 -- Page 2 Regional Term Medical Term Breastbone sternal Chest thoracic Breast mammary Navel umbilical Hip coxal Groin inguinal Thigh femoral Side of leg fibular/peroneal Great Toe hallus Head cephalic Upper Extremity Hand manus Lower Extremity Ear otic Back of head; base of skull occipital Point of shoulder acromial Spinal column vertebral Shoulder blade scapular Arm brachial Back dorsum/dorsal Back of Elbow olecranal Loin lumbar Between Hips sacral Buttock gluteal
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Chapter 1 -- Page 3 Regional Term Medical Term Region between anus & ex- ternal genitalia perineal Thigh femoral Back of knee popliteal Calf sural Heel calcaneal Sole plantar
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Chapter 1 -- Page 4 Anatomy: study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts and their relation- ship to one another Greek - ana = apart - tomy = cut Gross (macroscopic) anatomy --- examined with naked eye surface anatomy = markings of the surface of the body morphology = different forms of the structure histology = microscopic study of the structure of tissue embryology = development from the fertilized egg up to 8 weeks into utero developmental anatomy = development from the fertilized egg ---- to adult form cytology = chemical and microscopic study of calls
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Chapter 1 -- Page 5 Physiology : study of the functions of the body parts WHAT they do and HOW they do Greek - physio = nature - logy = the study of cell physiology = study of the function of cells
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Chapter 1 -- Page 6 Levels of Structural Orginization: (1.1) first is subatomic particle 1. (atom) chemical level: atoms combine to form molecules (molecule = more than 2 atoms) 2. cellular level: cells are made up of molecules (cells = smallest living unit) 3. tissue level: tissues consist of similar types of cells (group of similar cells) 4. organ level: organs are made up of different types of tissues 5. organ system level: organ systems consist of different organs that work together closely to perform same function 6. organismal level: the human organism is made up of many organ systems (11 organ systems) difference between atoms and cells: cells are living - atoms are nonliving
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Chapter 1 -- Page 7 Subatomic Particle unit of energy and/or mass; electron, proton, neutron Atom
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bio 243 - ch1 - Chapter 1 - Page 1 REGIONAL TERM AND...

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