CH8 FAMILIES - CH8 FAMILIES Reciprocal socialization =...

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CH8 FAMILIES Reciprocal socialization = process by which children and adolescents socialize parents, just as parents socialize them Social system: marital relationship  parenting  child behavior and development ^|_________________________|^ Developmental construction views = belief that as individuals grow up, they acquire modes of relating to others. Two main variations o Continuity and stability in relationships throughout lifespan o Discontinuity and change in relationships throughout lifespan Continuity view = role that early parent-child relationships play in constructing a basic way of relating to people throughout the life span o Basic components of social relationships are laid down and shaped by the security/insecurity of parent-infant attachment relationships o Relationships with parents over the long course of childhood are carried forward to influence the nature of parent-adolescent relationships Also influence the fabric of adolescent’s peer relationships/friendships o Research: attachment history and early care related to peer competence in adolescence Discontinuity view = change and growth in relationships over time o As people grow up, they develop different types of relationships that is structurally different o Authoritarian mode = parent-child relationship = children learn how to conform to rules and regulations laid down by parents/teachers/experts o Egalitarian mode = peer relationship = possession of equal knowledge and authority, and learn democratic mode of relating based on mutual influence There is likely both continuity and discontinuity in relationships o Early attachment relationships contribute to later close relationships in childhood, adolescence, adulthood (continuity) but subsequent characteristics and experiences such as social competence in childhood and close friendships in adolescence (discontinuity) also contribute in important ways to later close relationships Maturation = important theme of parent-adolescent relationships; adolescents change as they make the transition from childhood to adulthood, but their parents also change during their adult years o Adolescent changes = puberty, expanded logical reasoning, increased idealistic thought, violated expectations, changes in schools, peers, friendships, dating, and movement toward independence. Conflict between parents/adolescents most stressful during apex of pubertal growth: early puberty more than later puberty Adolescents’ increasing idealistic thought of an ideal parent to compare with their parents Expectations parents and adolescents have for each other Adolescents question/seek rationales for parental demands Parents perceive behavior as resistant and oppositional
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Parents are called on to adapt to the changing world of the adolescent’s schooling, peer relations, and push for autonomy o Parental changes = marital satisfaction, economic burdens, career reevaluation and time perspective, and health and body concerns
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 333 taught by Professor Dickson during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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CH8 FAMILIES - CH8 FAMILIES Reciprocal socialization =...

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