24 - Old Assyrian Colony Period in Anatolia(1920-1740...

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2/17/11 Old Assyrian Colony Period in Anatolia (1920-1740) --- Karum (Trading Colony) at Kanesh (mod. Kultepe) --- Karum level II: c. 1920-1840 --- Karum level Ib: c. 1810-1740 --- Dates given by Assyrian limmu lists --- Rhyton (pl. Rhyta): animal-shaped ceramic vessels --- Indo-European (Hittite/Luwian) personal names --- A local ruler: Anitta (c. 1740) People from Assur establish trading colonies (Karums) in Syria and Anatolia o Karums rarely inside fortified section of a city Almost a second city Didn’t start own cities, but built settlements near existing ones Had to have permission from local rulers Karum at Kanesh o Local palace largely missing Looters damaged it Had been massive palace Influenced by Mari o Interested in tin, textiles, etc – traded gold, metals Tin used to make copper Could be found in Afganistan o Evidence for extent of trading networks o Travelled in caravans of black donkeys Would first arrive and go to local ruler to have goods taxed, then go into
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24 - Old Assyrian Colony Period in Anatolia(1920-1740...

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