13b NOTES Mamluk Jerusalem_Part1

13b NOTES Mamluk Jerusalem_Part1 - Mamluk Jerusalem...

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Unformatted text preview: Mamluk Jerusalem 1260-1517 Medieval Muslim Dynasties of Jerusalem Ayyubids {1187-1250} Retake Jerusalem {1187} Mamluks {1250-1517} Turkish military aristocracy (from Cairo) Ottoman Turks {1517-1917} Turkish military aristocracy (from Constantinople/ Istanbul) Mamluk Military System Military Slaves Excellent soldiers (mounted archery) Coup in Egypt Defeat of the Mongols Ayn Jalūt {1260}, Hims {1281} Save Jerusalem from the Mongols Defeat of the Crusaders Mamluk Legitimacy Strict enforcement of Islam Isalmic Law, Scholarship Patronization of the Arts Beautification of the Temple Mount Shadow Caliphate in Cairo Royal Historical tradition Mamluk Jerusalem Mamluks and the Temple Mount (Haram al-Sharīf) !"#$%‫ا%,#م ا%*)(' ا‬ Mamluk Haram Haram Plaza: Dome, Minaret, Qanatir, Madrasa Monumental Gateways Bāb al-Hadīd (Iron Gate) Bāb al-Hadīd (Iron Gate) Ashrāfiyya Gate Ashrāfiyya Gate Ashrāfiyya Gate Ashrāfiyya Gate Ashrāfiyya Gate Colonnades and Arcades Colonnades and Arcades Colonnades and Arcades Colonnades and Arcades Bāb al-Rahmān (“Gate of Mercy”) = Golden Gate Madrasas (“place of study” = Schools) Madrasa “place of study” = school imams, judges, scholars, teachers, sufis, scribes, bureaucrats, Jerusalem as a center of Islamic scholarship Madrasa of Muhammad Agha ...
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13b NOTES Mamluk Jerusalem_Part1 - Mamluk Jerusalem...

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