MIT16_842F09_sw02

MIT16_842F09_sw02 - Using Stakeholder Value Analysis Using...

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Using Stakeholder Value Analysis Using Stakeholder Value Analysis to Build Exploration Sustainability By Eric S. Rebentisch, Edward F. Crawley, Geilson Loureiro, John Q. Dickmann, and Sandro N. Catanzaro 16.842 Fundamentals of Systems Engineering Journal Club Week 2 Student 1 Student 2 September 18, 2009
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Sustainability in Space Exploration Valued outputs – produce and deliver valued outputs (e.g. knowledge) to a wide spectrum of societal beneficiaries Policy robustness – interaction with external environment (e.g. government resource-providers) Risks of exploration – understand and minimize risks involved and communicate them to all stakeholders Affordability – multiple elements must be acquired and operated within a realistic budget Value Delivery System 2 Identify Stakeholders Identify Stakeholder Values & Needs Define System Objectives Develop Architecture Choices Objectives Preference Order
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Stakeholder Theory What do stakeholders do? Provide resources, support, employees, technologies, and govern activities May relate to each other hierarchically, contractually, or in another fashion According to Kochan and Rubenstein (2000), stakeholders must: 1. Hold assets that are critical to the enterprise’s success 2. Put their assets at risk in the enterprise 3. Have sufficient power to compel influence Types of stakeholders: Direct (or definitive) – meet all 3 above criteria Indirect (or latent) – do not meet all 3 above criteria 3 Identify Stakeholders Identify Stakeholder Values & Needs Define System Objectives Develop Architecture Choices Objectives Preference Order
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Space Exploration Stakeholders Stakeholder identification Initially identified 32 groups Aggregated into 13 larger groups Sorted into 5 general categories of societal interest (both direct and indirect) Stakeholder value identification Gathered from public opinion and polling data, archives of Presidential statements, inference from budgetary and strategy documents, etc. 100 total specific needs statements Next: translate needs to system objectives Identify Stakeholders Identify Stakeholder Values & Needs Define System Objectives Develop Architecture Choices Objectives Preference Order Exploration Science Economic Security Public Explorers Engineers NASA Commercial enterprises Other USG Agencies Engineers Scientists NASA Other USG Agencies US Public Media Educators Executive Branch Congress NASA DoD Intelligence International Partners Societal interest groups for space exploration Image by MIT OpenCourseWare.
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Object Object-Process Methodology Process Methodology (OPM) Expresses the function, structure, and behavior of systems as a flow from objectives through concepts to specific implementations OPD – Diagrams Objects Processes States OPL – Language
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course AERO 16.810 taught by Professor Olivierdeweck during the Winter '07 term at MIT.

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MIT16_842F09_sw02 - Using Stakeholder Value Analysis Using...

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