22young - Human Factors and Life Support in Apollo...

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Human Factors and Life Support in Apollo Engineering Apollo 16.395/ESD.30/STS.471 Prof. Laurence R. Young
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1958 NACA Space Technology Study Chaired by Guy Stever of MIT Human Factors and Training Group chaired by Randy Lovelace, MD 15 Technical Areas Wiesner and Abelson wanted NASA out of the science Need for a basic biomedical research program
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1958 HF and Life Science Issues 1. Program administration 2. Acceleration 3. Hi-intensity space radiation 4. Cosmic radiation 5. Nuclear propulsion 6. Ionization effects 7. Human info processing/comm.
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1958 HF and Life Science Issues (cont) 8. Displays 9. Closed-cycle living 10. Balloon simulators 12.Space capsules 13. Crew selection and training 14. Research Centers 15. Launch sites
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Major Life Science Issues Astronaut Selection Medical Requirements Skill Set Life Support Systems Accelerations Atmosphere
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Early Biomedical Concerns Heart Failure Pneumonia Muscle cramps Balance Sleep Bone loss Eating/drinking Disorientation Manual control Vision Hearing Separation
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Acceleration Tolerance Transverse (Eyeballs In) Fitted couches Decreased tolerance
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Animals in Space First? Science Community wanted Animals
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22young - Human Factors and Life Support in Apollo...

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