lec06 - Lecture 6 Sputnik and Mercury McDougall reading:...

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Lecture 6 Sputnik and Mercury McDougall reading: The Heavens and the Earth , focused on Eisenhower’s view of the space program. - Eisenhower didn’t see the space program as a very important thing; this might have been one of the reasons America didn’t get to space first. - He didn’t want to get to space first. - Eisenhower “represented the past” - He wanted a minimalist government and limited use of resources for government expenditures Americans (and probably the USSR, too) had some conception that winning (or losing) the space race would play a large role in determining the global perception of their sociopolitical system. There was tension between small government and “technocracy.” Technocracy here is supposed to mean: - that technology can solve government problems - that political decisions are made by engineers and scientists - that political decision-makers can choose the direction of scientific development - science and tech are used to political ends The Soviet Union really ran with this idea. Many Soviet leaders were actually trained as engineers (as a side note, their engineering degrees were very specific). “Command technology”: from command economy; Eisenhower believes that in training scientists and engineers to pursue political goals would be a mistake, it would stifle their creativity and abilities, and would create a vast, faceless bureaucracy. What is McDougall’s opinion about small government vs. technocracy?
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lec06 - Lecture 6 Sputnik and Mercury McDougall reading:...

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