Social work and psych theories 1

Social work and psych theories 1 - Anna and other disciples...

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Theories Freud’s View of Human Nature Deterministic—every event has a cause Behavior is determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations, and biological/ instinctual drives (Drive Theory) Libido—initially referred to sexual energy, but Freud later broadened it to include the energy of all life instincts Goal of life is to gain pleasure and avoid pain Structure of Personality The id —biological component; seat of instincts; cannot tolerate tension; ruled by the pleasure principle The ego —psychological component; regulates and controls the personality; rules by the reality principle The superego —social component; represents the ideal; strives for perfection; prohibits the id and persuades the ego The Defense Mechanisms The ego deals with the demands of reality, the id, and the superego as best as it can. When the anxiety becomes overwhelming, the ego must defend itself. Techniques are called the ego defense mechanisms , and Freud, his daughter
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Unformatted text preview: Anna, and other disciples described many Negative or Positive? • Freud saw defenses as necessary • Some of his followers suggested that all of the defenses could be used positively • Freud himself suggested that there was one positive defense, which he called sublimation Object Relations • Freud used the term object to refer to that which satisfies a need • Child’s first object is mother • Object relations are the mental representations of self and others • Object relational theorist challenge Freud's personality structure and look at relationships with other people Contributions of Freud’s Work • Focus on child development • The concept of the unconscious mind • Defense mechanisms • Importance of early childhood experiences • Helped establish the field of abnormal psychology Criticisms of Freud’s Work • Difficult to measure concepts (unscientific) • Sexist/phallocentric • Errors/biases...
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Social work and psych theories 1 - Anna and other disciples...

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