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Unformatted text preview: Anna, and other disciples described many Negative or Positive? • Freud saw defenses as necessary • Some of his followers suggested that all of the defenses could be used positively • Freud himself suggested that there was one positive defense, which he called sublimation Object Relations • Freud used the term object to refer to that which satisfies a need • Child’s first object is mother • Object relations are the mental representations of self and others • Object relational theorist challenge Freud's personality structure and look at relationships with other people Contributions of Freud’s Work • Focus on child development • The concept of the unconscious mind • Defense mechanisms • Importance of early childhood experiences • Helped establish the field of abnormal psychology Criticisms of Freud’s Work • Difficult to measure concepts (unscientific) • Sexist/phallocentric • Errors/biases...
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- Fall '11
- Defence mechanism, Id, ego, and super-ego, theorist challenge Freud